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Overview of Finland
The Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland), referred to as Finland (Finnish: Suomi, Swedish: Finland), is located in northern Europe, one of the five Nordic countries, bordering Sweden, Norway and Russia, the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothania to the west. The coastline is 1100 kilometers long, and the inland water area accounts for 10% of the country's area. There are about 179000 islands and about 188000 lakes. It is known as the "country of a thousand lakes. Finland has a long cold winter and a mild and short summer, with 1/3 of the country's land in the Arctic Circle.
Finland is the hometown of Santa Claus, the earliest residents of the Lapp, so Finland is also known as Lapland, Finns moved in, the establishment of the Grand Duchy of Finland. It was ruled by Sweden in the second half of the twelfth century. After the Russo-Swiss War in 1809, it was incorporated into the Russian Empire and became the Grand Duchy. In December 1917, the Republic of Finland declared its independence and became a permanently neutral country.
Finland is a highly developed capitalist country and a highly industrialized and liberalized market economy. Finland is one of the EU member states, but its per capita output is much higher than the EU average, which is comparable to its neighbor Sweden. The people enjoy a very high standard of quality of life, the Finnish government civil servants are clean and efficient, and there is a broad consensus in society. Transparency International, a non-governmental organization that monitors corruption in countries around the world, released the 2012 Global Corruption Perceptions Index report. Among 176 countries and regions, Finland ranked first and the most corrupt country.
After the war, it has long pursued an "active policy of peace and neutrality" of maintaining good-neighborly and friendly relations with the Soviet Union, not intervening in conflicts between major powers, and developing friendly relations with other countries ". After the end of the Cold War and the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Finland made major adjustments to its foreign policy, taking the development of relations with the European Union as its diplomatic focus. It became a full member of the European Union on 1 January 1995. Finland still insists on pursuing a military non-aligned and independent and reliable defense policy, close cooperation with NATO, and at the same time continue to maintain good-neighborly relations with Russia and support Russia's integration into the international community. Finland has officially recognized 183 countries and has diplomatic relations with 165 countries (as of 2004).
Relations with China
Finland recognized the new China on January 13, 1950 and established diplomatic relations with China on October 28 of the same year. In the spring of 1951, the two countries exchanged envoys, and Geng Biao, our minister to Denmark, also served as minister to Finland. In 1954, the two legations were upgraded to embassies. Over the past 60 years since the establishment of diplomatic relations, China-Finland relations have developed steadily, and remarkable results have been achieved in exchanges and cooperation in the fields of politics, economy and trade, science and technology, and culture.
The economies of China and Finland are highly complementary. In 1980, Finn granted China GSP treatment. From 2004 to 2008, Finland became China's largest trading partner in Northern Europe for five consecutive years. According to Chinese customs statistics, bilateral trade in 2012 was 11.28 billion billion U.S. dollars, up 0.8 percent year-on-year. From January to August 2013, the trade volume between China and Finland was 6.45 billion billion US dollars, down 19.8 percent year on year.