Tonga patent application

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Release time:2016-05-31

TongaOverview

Tonga, full name "Kingdom of Tonga" (The Kingdom of Tonga), belongs to Oceania, located near the equator in the southwest of the Pacific Ocean. It is an island country composed of 173 islands, 36 of which are inhabited, most of which are coral islands.

Tongasi is 650 kilometers from Fiji and 1770 kilometers from New Zealand to the southwest, with a land area of 747 square kilometers and a water area of 259000 square kilometers. As of July 2014, Tonga had a population of 106400 with a high population density. [2] Tonga is spoken in both Tongan and English. The capital, Nuku'alofa, is located on the largest island of Tongatab.

In 1845, the Kingdom of Tonga was formed by the union of several islands. Since its constitutional monarchy in 1875, it has become a British protectorate since 1900. Finally, it became independent on June 4, 1970 and became the 188th member of the United Nations. On July 29, 2008, King Tupo V of Tonga said that he would hand over power to Congress, give up power and move towards democracy, but still retain the constitutional monarchy, which is the only country in the South Pacific island countries to maintain the monarchy.

 

International position

Tonga is concerned about regional security and stability, supports the Australian-New Zealand-US military alliance, hopes that the United States will play a leading role in the Pacific region, actively participate in regional cooperation, and advocate the establishment of a nuclear-free zone in the South Pacific. The United Nations General Assembly officially accepted Tonga as the 188th member of the United Nations on September 14.

 

External relations

Tonga has established diplomatic relations with 48 countries. Australia and New Zealand have high-level offices in Tonga, China and Japan have embassies in Tonga, and South Korea, the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, and France have honorary consuls in Tonga. In 2007, Tonga established diplomatic relations with Malta, Venezuela, the United Arab Emirates and Iceland.

Tonga has an embassy in China; a high-level special agency in Australia; a high-level special agency in the United Kingdom and also in charge of Belgium, Luxembourg, Denmark, the Netherlands, Switzerland, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, and the European Union; a permanent mission to the United Nations in New York, the United States and the United States, Canada, Cuba, Mexico and other countries; consulates general in San Francisco and Auckland; and an honorary consular office in Hawaii.

Tonga is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, the Pacific Islands Forum, the Pacific Community, the International Civil Aviation Organization, the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Trade Organization. Tang is concerned about regional security and stability, supports the US-Australia-New Zealand military alliance and the US playing a leading role in the Pacific region, actively participates in regional cooperation and advocates the establishment of a nuclear-free zone in the South Pacific, but has not yet signed a treaty on a nuclear-free zone in the South Pacific. In July 2007, Tonga became the 151st member of the World Trade Organization.

In October 2007, Tonga hosted the 38th Pacific Islands Forum Summit, the 19th Post-Forum Dialogue and the 17th SPWT Ministerial Council Meeting. In April 2011, Tonga hosted the FAO Southwest Pacific Agriculture Ministers' Meeting. In April 2011, Tonga held a Development Partners Forum to solicit increased assistance from donors to Tonga. In May of the same year, Tonga hosted the Pacific Islands Forum Trade Ministers Meeting. In the same month, Tonga held the annual review meeting of the energy road map plan, calling on development partners to actively support Tonga to increase the use of renewable energy and reduce its dependence on petroleum energy.

 

Relations with China

On November 2, 1998, China established diplomatic relations with Tonga. After the establishment of diplomatic relations, the friendly and cooperative relations between the two countries in the political, economic, cultural, educational, health and military fields have been developing continuously, and there have been frequent exchanges of visits between senior government officials and delegations of the two sides. On November 23, 1998, China opened an embassy in Tonga. On February 15, 1999, the first Chinese ambassador to Tang presented his credentials to King Tang. On May 18, 2005, Tang's embassy in China officially opened. In August, the first ambassador to China presented his credentials to President Hu Jintao.