Kyrgyz patent application

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Release time:2016-06-01

KyrgyzstanOverview

The Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyz: Кыргыз Республикасы, Respublikasy) is a landlocked country located in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan borders Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest, and China to the east. Bishkek is the capital and largest city of Kyrgyzstan.

As an ancient country in Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan has a history of two thousand years and has experienced various dynasties and cultures. Because it is surrounded by mountains and relatively isolated, Kyrgyz culture can be better inherited; and because of its geographical location, Kyrgyzstan is in a number of cultural intersection. Although many tribal groups have lived in Kyrgyzstan for a long time, foreign forces have invaded and ruled from time to time. After its independence from the former Soviet Union in 1991, Kyrgyzstan became an independent and sovereign nation-state. [1] The political system is unitary and parliamentary. Kyrgyzstan still faces ethnic conflicts, rebellions and economic problems. It is now a member of the CIS, the Eurasian Economic Union and the Collective Security Treaty Organization; it is also a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the Cooperation Council of Turkic-speaking States and the International Organization of Turkic Culture.

The population of Kyrgyzstan is 5.7 million. The main ethnic groups are Kyrgyz, and the rest are Uzbeks and Russians. Kyrgyz is the national language, and Russian is still widely used as an official language under the influence of the Russification policy in the first century. 64% of the population are non-sectarian Muslims. In addition to the Turkic culture, the Kyrgyz culture also contains and is influenced by the Mongolian, Persian and Russian culture.

On October 28, 2015, the 70th UN General Assembly re-elected members of the UN Human Rights Council. Kyrgyzstan was successfully elected for a term from 2016 to 2018.

 

Foreign Policy

Since independence, it has always pursued a balanced and all-round pragmatic foreign policy of major powers. Attracting foreign investment and seeking foreign aid to serve domestic economic construction are its diplomatic priorities. Attach importance to the development of relations with China, Russia, and neighboring countries in Central Asia, and regard the development of relations between major powers as a priority direction of its diplomacy. Efforts will be made to promote relations with Islamic countries and to participate actively in regional economic cooperation.

China and Kyrgyzstan are neighbors linked by mountains and rivers and share a common border of about 1100 kilometers. Kyrgyzstan was the place where the ancient Silk Road crossed, and its Tokmak on the Chu River was the birthplace of the great Chinese poet Li Bai (701-762) of the Tang Dynasty.

 

Relations with China

On December 27, 1991, China recognized the independence of Kyrgyzstan. On January 5, 1992, China established diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level.

On April 26, 1996, the heads of state of China, the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan held their first meeting in Shanghai. Since then, the "Shanghai Five" meeting mechanism has been formally established. In June 2002, the heads of the member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization held their second meeting in St. Petersburg and signed the "Shanghai Cooperation Organization Charter." The Charter clearly expounds the principles of the purpose, organizational structure, form of operation, direction of cooperation and foreign exchanges of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which marks the real establishment of the organization in the sense of international law.

At the beginning of the 21st century, the economic and trade cooperation between China and Kyrgyzstan has achieved rapid development. After the bilateral trade volume broke through the US $0.3 billion and US $0.6 billion marks in 2003 and 2004 respectively, bilateral trade continued to maintain a momentum of rapid growth in 2005, with the annual trade volume reaching US $0.972 billion billion, a record high. China has become Kyrgyzstan's fifth largest exporter and third largest importer, and Kyrgyzstan is China's fourth largest trading partner in the CIS countries. From January to April 2010, the bilateral trade volume reached 0.388 billion billion US dollars, an increase of 111.8 per cent over the same period last year, and is expected to reach another all-time high for the whole year.

In 2013, Xi Jinping visited Kyrgyzstan and attended the summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and the two sides established a strategic partnership. In May 2014, Kyrgyz President Atambayev paid a state visit to China and attended the Shanghai CICA Summit. In May, Kyrgyz Speaker Genbekov paid a working visit to China. In September, Kyrgyz Prime Minister Otorbayev went to Urumqi to attend the 4th China-Asia-Europe Expo.

In September 2015, Kyrgyz President Atambayev came to China to attend the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War. In December, Kyrgyz Prime Minister Sariyev paid a working visit to China and attended the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Prime Ministers' Meeting.