Patent Application in Peru




Release time:2016-05-13


Peru, all known as the Republic of Peru (Spanish: República del Perú), is a country in western South America, bordering Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is a member of the Union of South American Nations.

Peru gave birth to the Little North prehistoric civilization, one of the earliest human civilizations in the Americas, as well as the Inca Empire, the largest country in pre-Columbian America. In the 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the Inca Empire and established the Viceroyalty of Peru, which contained most of the Spanish colonies in South America. After its independence in 1821, Peru experienced both political turmoil and financial crisis, as well as political stability and economic development.

Peru is now a presidential parliamentary democratic republic, the country is divided into 25 regions. The Andes range runs from north to south, with arid plains in the west and tropical rainforests in the Amazon basin in the east. Peru is a developing country with a medium level of human development. About 50% of the country's population lives in poverty. The main economic activities are agriculture, fishing, mining and manufacturing (such as textiles).

The population is 30,946,000 (2013), with ethnic groups including Native Indians, Europeans, Africans and Asians. The official language is Spanish, with Quechua and other dialects spoken in some areas. The fusion of national cultural traditions has created a multiplicity of expressions in the fields of art, food, literature and music.


Relations with China

bilateral political relations

On November 2, 1971, the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Peru established diplomatic relations. In February 1972, China set up an embassy in Peru. In March of the same year, Peru set up an embassy in China. In May 2002, Peru opened a Consulate General in Shanghai.

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, bilateral relations have been developing steadily and healthily for a long time. The two countries have frequently exchanged high-level visits, economic and trade cooperation has been expanding, and exchanges in culture, science and technology, education, tourism and other fields have been increasing. In international affairs, the two sides understand each other and cooperate closely. On the question of Taiwan, successive governments of Peru have adhered to the one-China policy. During President Hu Jintao's visit to Peru in November 2008, China and Peru announced the establishment of a strategic partnership.

The two foreign ministries established a political consultation system in 1992 and have held nine political consultations so far.

Bilateral Economic and Trade Relations and Economic and Technical Cooperation

China is Peru's largest trading partner and largest export market in the world. In 2012, bilateral trade was 13.796 billion billion U.S. dollars, up 9.7 percent year-on-year. Among them, I exported US $5.333 billion and imported US $8.463 billion, up 14.6 per cent and 6.8 per cent respectively over the same period last year. China mainly exports mechanical and electrical products, high-tech products, textiles, clothing, etc., and mainly imports fish meal, copper, iron and other mineral products.

In April 2009, China and Peru signed a free trade agreement. On March 1, 2010, the free trade agreement between the two countries officially entered into force.

China-Peru economic cooperation has developed rapidly, and Peru is one of the main targets of China's investment in Latin America. Up to now, China's direct investment in Peru is about 4 billion million US dollars, mainly related to the development of mineral and oil resources.

Cultural, educational, scientific and technological and tourism exchanges

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, the two countries have had frequent cultural exchanges. More than 60 groups of Chinese culture, education, news, sports and art have visited the secret. In November 1986, the two countries signed an agreement on cultural cooperation. In November 1997, an agreement on talent exchange and cooperation was signed. In March 2000, an agreement on the protection and recovery of cultural property was signed.

In June 2005, China and Peru signed the Memorandum of Understanding on Supporting the Construction of Confucius Institutes in Peru. In December 2007, Hanban signed agreements with the Catholic University of Lima, Arecipa University, Piura University and Ricardo Palma University to establish Confucius Institutes.

Since the signing of the basic agreement on scientific and technological cooperation in 1988, China and Peru have carried out expert and technical exchanges in the fields of agriculture, forestry, mining, aquaculture, traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture. In 1995, the two countries signed the "Memorandum of Understanding on Science and Technology Cooperation Project Plan between the National Science and Technology Commission of China and the National Science and Technology Council of Peru." Since 1990, there have been two mixed committees of science and technology.

In April 2004, the State Council approved the opening of Peru as an outbound tourist destination for Chinese citizens. In January 2005, the two countries signed the "Memorandum of Understanding on the Implementation Plan for Chinese Tourism Teams to Peru." On September 15 of the same year, the tourism business of Chinese citizens organizing a group to go to Peru was officially launched.

military exchanges

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, many ministers of defense, chairman of the joint finger, commander of the army and commander of the air force have visited China.