Papua New Guinea patent application

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Release time:2016-05-13

Papua New GuineaOverview

The Independent State of Papua New Guinea (English: Independent State of Papua New Guinea), referred to as Papua New Guinea, is an island country in the western South Pacific, the second largest country in Oceania, a member of the Commonwealth, and an island country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It mainly covers the eastern half of New Guinea and the nearby Bismarck Islands, Bougainville Island and other about 600 large and small islands. The name of the country consists of two parts, Papua and New Guinea, and is named after the island. The country is bordered by Indonesia's Papua province to the west and Australia and the Solomon Islands to the south and east, respectively, across the sea.

Papua New Guinea is one of the less developed countries in the world. The economy is predominantly agricultural, accounting for 32 per cent of Papua New Guinea's economy. The main exports are mineral and agricultural coffee, cocoa, copra, palm oil, rubber, wood and seafood. As of 2013, Papua New Guinea has a total population of 7.05 million people, making it the second most populous country in Oceania, second only to Australia. The birth rate is 30.52 per cent and the death rate is 7.5 per cent. Because of its mountainous and rugged terrain, domestic land transportation is very inconvenient, and the sea is also very inconvenient. The capital, Port Moresby, has opened roads to most of the country's cities.

Australia is Papua New Guinea's largest partner, providing about $11 billion million in aid after independence in 1975.

 

Relations with China

China and Papua New Guinea established diplomatic relations on October 12, 1976. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, relations between the two countries have basically developed smoothly. In October 1977, China's first part-time ambassador arrived. In November 1980, the Chinese Embassy in Papua New Guinea officially opened. In June 1983, the Permanent Ambassador of China took up his post. The current Chinese ambassador to Papua New Guinea Qiu Bohua. In April 1988, Papua New Guinea set up an embassy in Beijing and sent a permanent ambassador.

In 2011, the trade volume between China and Papua New Guinea was US $1.265 billion billion, a year-on-year increase of 12%, of which China's exports were US $0.45 billion billion, a year-on-year increase of 28.5; imports were US $0.81 billion billion, a year-on-year increase of 4.5.

On November 3, 2006, the foundation of the Ram Nickel Mine project jointly developed by China Metallurgical Group and Papua New Guinea was laid. The project was officially put into operation in December 2012. This is China's largest investment project in the Pacific island countries. In July 2008, the first Papua New Guinea-China Trade Fair was held in Port Moresby, the capital of Papua New Guinea. In December 2009, Sinopec signed an agreement with ExxonMobil, the leader of the LNG project in Papua New Guinea. Sinopec will receive 2 million tons of LNG per year after the project is put into operation.

As of June 2012, China's non-financial direct investment in Papua New Guinea totaled $0.324 billion billion.

The Chinese government provides government scholarships to Papua New Guinea every year for Papua New Guinea to send students to China. In 1996, a Chinese acrobatic team visited Papua New Guinea. In 2000, the acrobatic troupe of Jinan City, Shandong Province visited Papua New Guinea. In 2011, the Guangdong Art Troupe visited Papua New Guinea.

In November 2007, the two sides signed a memorandum of understanding on the implementation plan for Chinese tourism teams to travel to Papua New Guinea, and Papua New Guinea officially became a destination for Chinese citizens to travel abroad.

At the end of 2012, China sent its sixth medical team to Papua New Guinea.