Irish patent application

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Release time:2016-05-31

Overview of Ireland

The Republic of Ireland (Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann; English: Republic of Ireland), referred to as "Ireland", is a parliamentary republic in Western Europe, facing the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Irish Sea to the east, and facing the United Kingdom across the sea. The channel, Ireland's natural environment is quite well maintained, known as the "Emerald Island Country", the country is lined with trees and rivers. The grass is all over, so it is also known as "Green Island" and "Emerald. Its university education is very mature, and the capital Dublin has been known as a university city since the Middle Ages. The domestic climate is mild, and the temperature is relatively balanced. 5 ~ June is the most sunny period of the year, more suitable for travel.

The Irish belong to the Celts and are the children of the first generation of residents of the European continent. The Republic of Ireland began in 1922 as the Irish Free State, which ended the colonial rule of the British Empire. After the War of Independence, the Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed, and Ireland became independent, but the territory in the northeast chose to stay in the United Kingdom, forming Northern Ireland. [2]

Ireland is a highly developed capitalist country. It is also a permanently neutral country and a member of the European Union, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the World Trade Organization and the United Nations. It is also one of the countries with the fastest economic development in the world, and has won the reputation of "European Tiger" because of its developed economy.

 

Sino-Love Relations

political relationship

On June 22, 1979, China and Ireland signed a communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations, and the two countries exchanged ambassadors in 1980. In the period after the establishment of diplomatic relations, bilateral relations between China and Ireland developed steadily, but there were few substantive exchanges in various fields. With the joint efforts of the two sides, China-Ireland relations have developed rapidly, with frequent high-level visits, and increasing exchanges and cooperation in the fields of economy and trade, education, science and technology, culture and agriculture, and fruitful results have been achieved. As its economic strength increases, Ai seeks to play a greater role in EU and international affairs, and pays more and more attention to developing relations with China.

 

economic and trade relations

The economic and trade cooperation between China and Ireland has developed rapidly. In 1999, the bilateral trade volume was only 0.419 billion US dollars, and in 2008, the bilateral trade volume has increased to 7.07 billion US dollars. After the international financial crisis, the trade between China and Ireland has been impacted and declined. In 2012, the bilateral trade volume between China and Ireland reached 5.9 billion billion US dollars, an increase of 0.5 per cent over the same period last year. Among them, China exported US $2.1 billion billion, down 3.1 percent year-on-year, and imported US $3.8 billion billion, up 2.6 percent year-on-year. Since 2007, China has become the largest trading partner of love in Asia for six consecutive years.

In 2012, Ai invested 21 projects in China, with an actual investment of US $0.121 billion, and China invested US $2.8 million in Ai. As of the end of 2012, Ai has invested in 262 projects in China, with an actual investment of US $0.754 billion; China has invested US $0.15 billion in Ai. More than 110 AI companies are doing business in China, and there are also many companies doing business in China.

 

Exchanges and cooperation in other fields

China and Ireland have continuously deepened cooperation in the fields of culture, education, science and technology, and have signed cooperation documents in many fields. In 1985, China and Ireland signed the Cultural Exchange Agreement. In September 2001, the two countries signed a memorandum of understanding on cultural cooperation. In May 2004, John O'Donoghue, then Minister of Arts, Sports and Tourism of Ireland, visited China and co-hosted the opening ceremony of the Irish Cultural Festival with China. In May 2004, Premier Wen Jiabao paid an official visit to Ireland. In October 2004, Vice Minister of Culture Zhou Heping visited Ai and presided over the opening ceremony of the Chinese Cultural Festival with Ai. In January 2005, Irish Prime Minister Ahern paid an official visit to China. In March 2008, the Irish Culture Week was held in Beijing; in October, the two countries signed the "Memorandum of Understanding on Ireland's Participation in the 2010 World Expo." On April 26, 2010, the Irish National Pavilion was opened with the theme "The Evolution of Urban Space and People's Urban Life". In 2011, the traditional Chinese Suzhou garden-"Love Su Garden" launched at the Love Flower Expo attracted more than 90000 visitors. In March 2012, Irish Prime Minister Kenny paid an official visit to China, and the two sides announced the establishment of a mutually beneficial strategic partnership. In June 2014, Liu Yunshan paid an official visit to Ireland.

 

Economic Overview

Ireland's GDP per capita is among the highest in the world, at $51356 (2009 data). GDP (Gross Domestic Product):$164.6 billion (2005).

Historically, Ireland was a country dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry, known as the "European Manor. Since the 1980 s, Ireland has driven the development of the national economy with high-tech industries such as software and bioengineering, and has attracted a large amount of overseas investment with a good investment environment, completing the leap from an agricultural and animal husbandry economy to a knowledge economy. Since 1995, Ireland's national economy has continued to grow at a high speed, becoming the fastest growing country in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, known as the "European Tiger". The service industry is more developed. Ireland has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. On the whole, the momentum of economic development has stabilized, and the medium-term situation has a good outlook.

Ireland is a country dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry and developed economy. It is called the "rural Europe". A small, modern, trade-dependent economy that grew at an average rate of 7% per year between 1995 and 2004. The economy is small, but very developed, relying mainly on export trade. Between 1995 and 2000, Ireland achieved an economic growth rate of 10%, ranking first in Europe. In 2003, it became the second country in the world in terms of per capita GDP (gross domestic product) (after Luxembourg), thus winning the reputation of the Celtic Tiger. The dominance of agriculture has been replaced by industry, which accounts for 38% of GDP, 80% of total exports, and 28% of labor resources. Although export trade is still the main pillar of the Irish economy, the increase in domestic consumption and the recovery of construction and investment have also led to sustained economic development.

In the past ten years, the Irish government has taken a series of economic measures to control inflation, reduce tax burden, reduce government expenditure, improve the quality of labor force and encourage foreign investment. In January 1999, Ireland joined the Eurozone with 11 other countries.

The European Commission's economic forecast of May 2013 is that Ireland's economic growth rate will return to 1.1 per cent in 2013 and 2.2 per cent in 2014.