Fijian patent application




Release time:2016-07-03


The Republic of Fiji (Fijian: Matanitu Tugalala o Viti) is a Pacific island country located in the South Pacific Ocean east of Vanuatu, west of Tonga and south of Tuvalu, consisting of 332 islands, 106 of which are inhabited. Most of the volcanic islands surrounded by coral reefs, mainly Viti Island and Vanua Island. It has a tropical maritime climate and is often hit by hurricanes. The annual average temperature is 22~30 ℃.

The name of the country is derived from the Tongan "island" and became the Fijian "Viti". In 1643 the Dutch navigator Tasman first came to Fiji. In the first half of the 19th century, Europeans began to move in. It became a British colony in 1874. From 1879 to 1916, a large number of Indians came here to plant sugar cane as contract workers for the British "colonial sugar company. It became independent on 10 October 1970 and became a member of the Commonwealth.

It was renamed a republic after a coup in 1987 and seceded from the Commonwealth. In 1990, the new constitution established the country as the "Sovereign Democratic Republic of Fiji". In July 1997, through a constitutional amendment, the name of the country was changed to "Republic of the Fiji Islands". In 2009, the country changed its name to "Republic of Fiji".


Relations with China

China and Fiji established diplomatic relations on November 5, 1975. In 1976, China set up an embassy in Fiji and sent a permanent ambassador. In June 1990, then President Yang Shangkun visited Fiji. In April 2006, during the then Premier Wen Jiabao's visit to Fiji and attending the opening ceremony of the first ministerial meeting of the "China-Pacific Island Countries Economic Development Cooperation Forum" held in Fiji, the two countries announced the establishment and development of the "China-Fiji Important Cooperative Partnership".

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, bilateral trade has grown substantially. In 1976, the trade volume between China and Fiji was only 2.3 million US dollars, all of which were exported to China. In 2013, the trade volume between China and Fiji was 0.303 billion billion US dollars, up 28.7 percent year on year. Among them, China's exports were 0.244 billion US dollars, up 14.2 per cent year-on-year, while imports from Fiji were 0.059 billion US dollars, up 167.9 per cent year-on-year (source: China Customs). I mainly export machinery and equipment, aquatic products, electrical and electronic products, computer and communication technology, automobiles and ships, etc., and import bauxite, frozen fish logs and sawn timber.

In October 2004, China and Fiji signed the "Memorandum of Understanding on the Implementation Plan for Chinese Tourism Teams to Fiji", and Fiji became a destination for Chinese citizens to travel abroad. In May 2005, Chinese citizens organized a tour to Fiji. Since September 10, 2007, Fiji has granted visa-free treatment to Chinese citizens. [3]

In September 2010, Xinhua News Agency set up a branch in Suva, the capital of Fiji, and sent permanent reporters. This is the first branch of Xinhua News Agency in the Pacific island country.

In August 2014, the Chinese hospital ship "Peace Ark" visited Fiji.