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Last year, China's PCT international patent applications ranked third in the world.
According to the latest data released by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), my country's PCT international patent applications last year ranked third in the world. In 2013, the number of international patent applications submitted by China through the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) reached 21516, exceeding 20000 for the first time, an increase of 15.6 per cent over the same period last year. Relevant experts said that PCT international patent applications have become a yardstick for testing my country's independent innovation capabilities. In recent years, the continuous and rapid growth of PCT international patent applications in China reflects the improvement of the quality of international operation and the improvement of market competitiveness of Chinese enterprises.
Data show that in 2013, a total of 205000 international patent applications were filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), an increase of 5.1 per cent over the same period last year and a record high. The United States (57239 pieces), Japan (43918 pieces), China (21516 pieces), Germany (17927 pieces) and South Korea (12386 pieces) ranked the top five, and my country surpassed Germany for the first time and ranked third; accounting for the global total The share reached 10.5, an increase of nearly 1 percentage point from 2012. In terms of enterprise patent applications, ZTE Corporation ranked second in the world after Panasonic Corporation of Japan (2881) with 2309 published PCT international patent applications. Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. ranked third with 2094, up one place from the previous year.
"The main reason for the rapid growth of PCT international patent applications in China is the international market drive of enterprises and the guidance of government incentive policies." Xu Chunming, deputy dean of the School of Intellectual Property of Shanghai University, said in an interview with reporters that with the continuous improvement of the internationalization of Chinese companies, the product structure participating in international competition has gradually increased, and the proportion of high-tech products has gradually increased. The internal demand for the corresponding patent international layout will inevitably arise. In recent years, China's continuous adjustment of patent funding policy, to a certain extent, also encouraged the enthusiasm of enterprises to apply for PCT international patents.
"Market-driven is the main force behind the rapid growth of PCT international patent applications in China, and policy guidance is only a supporting force. This can be demonstrated by the fact that the volume of PCT international patent applications in China is mainly concentrated in international companies represented by ZTE and Huawei." In Xu Chunming's view, this shows that the trend of internationalization of Chinese patent applications is taking shape. "Enterprise internationalization, intellectual property rights should go first. ZTE and Huawei have been leading the PCT international patent applications for many years in a row, which is precisely the need of their international development strategy and the guarantee for their participation in international competition and enhancement of competitiveness."
"The fact that China's number of PCT international patent applications is growing rapidly is encouraging and gratifying, and the world's third-largest ranking basically matches the world's second-largest economy in terms of size, reflecting the achievements of China's patent industry. However, the gap between China's PCT international patent applications and those of developed countries is still significant." Xu Chunming said that although the number of PCT international patent applications in China ranked third in the world in 2013, there is still a big gap compared with the United States and Japan. In 2013, the United States and Japan accounted for 27.9 and 21.4 percent of the world's total PCT patent applications, respectively. Among the top 50 corporate applicants, Japan and the United States accounted for 20 seats and 15 seats.
"In addition, there are problems such as structural imbalance and insufficient internal drive in China's PCT international patent applications. With the exception of a few truly international high-tech enterprises, some of China's PCT international patent applications are driven by government encouragement and funding policies, rather than the conscious internal behavior of enterprises." Xu Chunming believes that the fundamental reason for this gap is that my country's economic structure is not reasonable enough and its innovation ability is not strong enough. "Export processing and OEM manufacturing do not need innovation or patent protection, and PCT international patent applications are even more out of the question."
"Only when there is independent innovation can there be the basis for PCT international patent applications. Only when there is an international market can there be the requirements for PCT international patent applications. Only when there is international patent protection can there be international competitiveness protection." Xu Chunming said that the key to narrowing the gap between my country's PCT international patent applications is to adjust the economic structure and enhance innovation capabilities. Based on the objective reality that the innovation ability of Chinese enterprises is not strong and the awareness of patent protection is insufficient, the government should do something, play the role of "visible hand", strengthen policy guidance and incentives, but must not simply adopt funding policies. "We must pay attention to the quality of PCT international patent applications. The real goal is to enhance the international competitiveness of Chinese enterprises and optimize China's industrial structure through PCT international patent applications."