The world's largest patent company Gao Zhi invention: innovation "angel" or patent "devil"
On October 13, 2008, the world's largest company specializing in invention and invention investment "Gao Zhi Invention" (Intellectual Ventures, or IV) successfully held the opening ceremony of China in Beijing. Dr. Milward (Nathan Myhrvold), founder and chief executive officer of Gao Zhiinvented, and Mr. Jung (Edward Jung), founder and chief technology officer, attended the ceremony and delivered a speech. At the same time, many scholars and guests from the government, well-known universities, scientific research institutions and technology companies gathered together to exchange and discuss the wisdom of the "invention industry. (Data Chart)
China Broadcasting Network, Beijing, April 26, according to a report by the Voice of the Economy, "Tianxia Company", people who have read the book "Currency War" all know the Rothschild family; according to the description of "Currency War", the Rothschild family It is a low-key and mysterious super consortium. He silently controls the global financial lifeline in the dark, and many famous financial events in the world: for example, the economic crisis after World War II and the subprime mortgage crisis in 2008 are more or less related to this mysterious family. Although the authenticity of these rumors has yet to be verified, the Rothschild family is familiar to the majority of readers.
And the company we're going to talk about today has a somewhat similar legend to the Rothschild family. It is the United States of America's high intellectual invention company. This is also a mysterious company. From the limited information we have at present, we know that this company was founded in 2000 and is headquartered in Washington State, USA. Its founder is Nathan McWald, Microsoft's former chief technology officer. Gao Zhi invented mainly by asking other companies for patent fees to survive.
It is said that it currently holds 30000 patents, and it is undoubtedly one of the largest patent companies in the world. Last year, their annual revenue reached 0.7 billion US dollars. It is worth noting that in October 2008, the company entered China with a low profile.
The reporter of the Voice of Economy tried to get in touch with the China branch of Gaozhi Invention. After understanding the reporter's intention to interview, the relevant person of the China branch of Gaozhi Invention politely refused the reporter's interview. In fact, since the company entered China, it has not accepted any interviews from the media, and the relevant audio and video on the Internet is zero.
According to the self-introduction of Gao Zhi Invention Company, they are a company that promotes innovative work. For example, they will cooperate with top inventors and give financial support to the inventors in the process of invention, and the inventors will "patent rights" in return. Then, Gaozhi Invention Company will rely on these "patent rights" to collect patent licensing fees from other companies to obtain income.
Gao Zhizhi said that his mission is to promote the "invention economy" and is a good company to protect inventors. But in fact, some people think that Gao Zhi's invention has nothing to do with innovation or invention, but is related to the protection of innovation and invention.
Recently, two adventurous university professors in the United States conducted a follow-up survey of Gaozhi Invention Company, and the survey found several interesting contents.
First, Gao Zhi's invention has 30,000-60,000 patents, which is a rough estimate, but even with the lowest number, Gao Zhi's invention is the fifth largest company in the United States with the largest patent portfolio, ranking 15th in the world. However, almost all of these patents were bought from other places, and Gao Zhi invented not many patents himself.
Second, Gao Zhi invented more than 1200 shell companies. Gao Zhi's business is also difficult to track because it distributes patents among different shell companies, and the investigation says they have found at least 1276 such shell companies.
Third, nearly half of the patents of Gao Zhi's invention were bought from outside the United States, because other countries do not attach as much importance to patents as the United States. The two survey professors believe that "Gao Zhi's invention is like 'arbitrage' or 'arbitrage', taking advantage of the asymmetry between the United States and the rest of the world to seek benefits.
Finally, the two professors also discovered a big secret. Behind this mysterious company, there are many strong technology giants, including Amazon, Apple, Cisco, eBay, Google, Nokia, Sony, Yahoo and Microsoft are its shareholders. Among them, Microsoft is the company with the closest ties. It was previously reported that Bill Gates and Microsoft researchers even occasionally appeared in the collective discussion of Gao Zhi's invention.
As for how to operate, investigators said that Gao Zhi's invention first paid a part of the money to the small company at one time, and then gave a part of the income from each patent to the small company. For example, in the example of Digi-marc (Ground-Mark), Gao Zhi paid a total of $36 million to the company for three years, plus 20% of the profits for each successful external grant of a patent to Digi-marc (Ground-Mark). And when Gao Zhi found that a certain enterprise infringed, he would not hesitate to take the other party to court, and he would be allowed to sue.
This enterprise is really interesting. As the saying goes, first-class enterprises sell standards and concepts. Second-rate enterprises sell brands, third-rate enterprises sell products, and fourth-rate enterprises sell coolies. Judging from the current situation of Gaozhi Invention Company, the guest host Lu Xinzhi believes that this is an atypical company.
Guest host Lu Xinzhi: He is an atypical company. You can say that he is super-first-class or fifth-rate, because what he really sells is information asymmetry. He seems to be called the operator of intellectual property patents. In a larger case, he is actually a prosecutor's supervisor. I sound more like an urban management of intellectual property rights. What he does is a matter of law enforcement, or do it directly.Although Gao Zhizhi deliberately kept a low profile, a document revealed their whereabouts. In September 2010, East China University of Science and Technology posted a new notice on the school website to apply for the "International Invention Joint Innovation Fund". The notice indicated that the National Technology Transfer Center of East China University of Science and Technology and Gaozhi Invention Company cooperated on international patent applications and formulated the "Huali-Gaozhi Asia International Invention Cooperation Plan" to encourage relevant teachers to innovate and invent, and give an average of $50000 to audited teachers.
Among the universities across the country, the technology transfer of East China University of Science and Technology is relatively active. In 2010, the transaction volume reached 0.125 billion yuan, of which patent implementation licenses accounted for 30%. Therefore, East China University of Science and Technology and Gao Zhi invention are very optimistic about this cooperation. However, the voices of doubt are endless. In 2008, shortly after Gao Zhi's invention was stationed, the Beijing Municipal Intellectual Property Office submitted a report to the Beijing Municipal Government. This report does not make a qualitative judgment on the "invention phenomenon of Gao Zhi", but uses the term "patent piracy" in the title to refer to those who do not manufacture patented products or provide patented services themselves, but buy patents from other companies (often bankrupt companies), research institutions or individual inventors, and purposefully infringe their patent rights by suing certain company products, professional companies or groups that then rely on patent litigation to make huge profits. After this, our government departments to pay attention to this phenomenon, and commissioned the institute to do some research.
Huang Xiantao, a teacher at the School of Intellectual Property of Peking University, has done a lot of research on the phenomenon of "patent piracy". He believes that Gao Zhi's invention is a freak of the patent system and a "jackal" under the cloak of legality '. Huang Xiantao said that in an authoritative statistical report in the United States, Gao Zhi's invention patent holdings topped the list of 380 "patent pirates. Of its existing 30000 patents, 1000 are developed by itself and the others are purchased. The enterprise mainly depends on asking other companies for patent fees to survive.
Nathan Myhrvold, CEO of Gao Zhi Invention, defended himself in the Harvard Business Review, arguing that "companies have long been misunderstood that they are just creating a capital market for inventions and so on in the venture capital market". Nathan Myhrvold says they have never sued anyone to protect their intellectual property.
But Nathan Myhrvold's voice just fell. In December 2010, Gao Zhifa filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court, suing 9 technology companies including Symantec for infringement of their patent rights. This is the first time the company has filed a lawsuit in its 10 years of existence. Could this be a danger signal?
Lu Xinzhi: This matter can be seen from two aspects. It is normal overseas. It is very common for some large companies in the United States to encounter patent disputes with 1 billion or billions of dollars. Sooner or later, such cases will appear in China, so we should be highly cautious. There is nothing wrong with Gao Zhi's invention doing business in accordance with business rules, but when he really makes a move, the enterprises to be recruited are still very uncomfortable, so under such circumstances, we should attach great importance to it.